GIANO is an optimized near infrared echelle spectrograph which can yield, in a single exposure, 0.9-2.5 micron spectra at a resolution R~50,000.

This project is part of the Second Generation Instrumentation Plan of the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) located at Roque de Los Muchachos Observatory (ORM), La Palma, Spain and it has been entirely funded by  the Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF).

GIANO can provide high resolution spectra for accurate radial velocity measurements of exo-planets and for chemical and dynamical studies of  stellar or extragalactic objects down to a magnitude limit comparable to that of 2MASS.