The Muses and their attributes
Muse of History, her name derives from the Greek kleos (glory)
or kleiein (to celebrate). She is depicted as a virgin with a
laurel wreath, a trumpet in one hand and a volume in the other one.
Muse of Music. Her name means she who makes herself loved and
she is usually represented as a maid crowned with a flower
garland, playing the instrument she invented, the flute.
Muse of Comedy, her name derives from the Greek thallein (to
bloom). She is depicted as a young woman crowned with an ivy
garland, holding a mask and wearing ankle boots.
Muse of Tragedy. Her name comes from the Greek melpein (to
sing). She is represented as a woman in buskins, holding a
sceptre and a dagger covered in blood.
Muse of Dance. Her name means she who loves dance. She is
depicted as a young woman, crowned with flower garlands, who
dances and plays the harp.
Muse of lyric Poetry and Anacreontic Poetry, her name derives
from the Greek Eros (love). She is represented as a nymph
crowned with myrtle and roses, holding a lyre and a bow.
Muse of Rhetoric and of vocal Music, her name comes from the
Greek poly (many) and hymnos (hymn), or from mnasthai (to
remember). She is depicted with a flower or pearl crown, dressed
in white, her right arm in the act of haranguing, her left hand
holding a sceptre.
Muse of Astronomy. Her name comes from the Greek ouranos (sky)
and she is represented as a virgin holding a globe and a bar.
Muse of Eloquence and heroic Poetry. Her name means fine voice
and she is depicted with stylus and tablets.
The Muses are called with many different epithets, frequently referred to the
places where they settled: Aganippides, Aonides, Camenae, Castaliae,
Libethrides, Mnemonides, Pimpleae or Pimpleides, Ilisides, Meones, Pegasides,
Pierides, Ardalides, Cytherides, Ianthiae, Partheniai and also Olympians,
Parnassians, Thespians, Heliconians, Winged, Lydians.